The Cause of Creation and the Rewards of the Monotheists

* Al-Sheikh Al-Sadouq states in Ilal Al-Sharai' Book: Reported from Jaa'far Bin Mohammad bin Amara from his father that he asked Imam Al-Sadiq Jaa'far Bin Mohammad (Pbuh): "Why Allah created the creatures?" Imam: "Allah didn’t create his creatures in vain and didn’t leave them. Yet he created them in order to show his power and to obligate obeying him so that they earn his contentment. He didn’t create them to earn a benefit or to push away harm yet he created them to benefit them and to lead them to the eternal bliss." [1]


* Al-Sheikh Al-Sadouq states in Ilal Al-Sharai' Book: Reported from Is'haq bin Ismaeel Al-Naisaburi that The Knowledgeable One meaning Imam Al-Hassan Bin Ali (Pbuh) wrote him: "Out of his generosity and mercy Allah obligated you to do the duties. He didn’t obligate you because he needs it yet out of his mercy to you. There is no god but Him, so that the righteous are distinguished from the wicked and in order to test what is inside your chests, to scrutinize what is in your hearts, for you to race towards his mercy and to be in different ranks in his heaven. Thus he ordered you to practice Pilgrimage and Omra, to establish prayer, to give Zakat, to fast and to adopt the Wilaya. He made you a door where you can open it to reach the doors of duties. A door that is a key to his path and if it hadn’t been for Mohammad (Pbuhp) and the custodians from his descendents you would have been in confusion like cattle not knowing one duty from the duties. Can you enter a village from other than its door? When Allah was generous to you by establishing the custodians after your prophet (Pbuhp) He said: {Today I completed your religion for you, fulfilled my bounty and blessing upon you and accepted Islam for you are your religion}. Then he obliged you to fulfill the right of his custodians in order to make licit for you what is behind your backs of wives, money, food and drinks and in order to let you know the blessings, growth and fortune and in order to know who of you will obey him in the unseen. Allah said {Say "I ask you no reward for this but loving the close kin"}. So know that who is stingy among you then he only preventing good from himself  because Allah is Rich and your are poor in need for him there is no god but him. know that even if against your will, Allah, his messenger and the believers will see your acts and then you will be brought back to the one who has knowledge of the unseen and the seen then he will tell you what were you doing. The good final destination is only for the pious and Praise be to Allah the lord of all realms."[2]


* Al-Sheikh Al-Sadouq states in Al-Tawheed Book: Reported from Safwan Al-Jammal from Imam Abou Abdellah (Pbuh) that he said about this saying of Allah {Everything will perish but His face}: "He who comes to Allah carrying what He obliged him of obeying Mohammad and the Imams after him (Pbut) is the face that will not perish." Then Imam recited: {He who obeys the Messenger then in fact he Obeys Allah}[3]


* Al-Sheikh Al-Sadouq states in Al-Tawheed Book: Reported from Mohammad bin Himran from Imam Abou Abdellah (Pbuh) that he said: "He who say 'There is no god but Allah' honestly shall enter heaven. His honesty allows 'There is no god but Allah' to prevent him from doing what Allah prohibited." [4]


* Al-Sheikh Al-Sadouq states in Al-Tawheed Book: Reported from Dawood bin Al-Qasem that he said that he heard Imam Ali Bin Moussa Al-Rida (Pbuh) say: He who brings similitude between Allah and his creatures is a polytheist. He who describes Allah limiting him by a place is an infidel. He who relates to Allah what Allah denied from himself is a liar."[5] Then Imam recited this verse {The one who lie are the ones who don’t believe in the sings of Allah. Those are the liars}[6]


* Al-Sheikh Al-Sadouq states in Al-Amali Book: Reported from Ibn Abbas that the Messenger of Allah (Pbuhp) said: " I swear to the one who sent me as a preacher. Allah never torments a monotheist. Monotheists will intercede and their intercession will be accepted." Then He (Pbuhp) said: "On Resurrection Day, Allah orders people that have evil deeds to go to hell. They say: "O Lord, how can you order us to go to hell and yet we were monotheists in the earthly life. How can you burn our tongues and it was used to speak on monotheism of you in the earthly life. How can you burn hearts that believed that there is no god but you? How can you burn faces that we rubbed with soil for in your name? How can you raise hands that we raised when pleading you?" Then Allah says: "O servants of mine, Your deeds were evil in the earthly life and so your punishment is the fire of hell." Then they say: "O Lord, is your forgiveness greater or our evil deeds?" Then Allah says: "My forgiveness." They say: "Is your mercy wider or our sins?" Allah says: "My mercy." They say: "Is admitting monotheism greater or our sins?" Allah says: "admitting monotheism is greater." They say: " O Lord, May your mercy and forgiveness that encompassed everything encompass us." Then Allah says: "O My angels, I swear to my glory and honor I didn’t create creatures that I love more than the one who admit monotheism and admit that there is no god but me. I should not burn monotheists with fire. Lead my servants to heaven."" [7]


 * Al-Sheikh Al-Sadouq states in Al-Tawheed Book:Reported from Abou Baseer that Imam Abou Abdellah (Pbuh) said: "Allah prohibited fire to touch the bodies of monotheists." [8]

[1] علل الشرائع ج1 ص9، عنه البحار ج5 ص313/ ج5 ص466، ميزان الحكمة ج1 ص224، تفسير الصافي ج3 ص412 عن العلل باختلاف يسير، التفسير الأصفى ج2 ص833، تفسير نور الثقلين ج3 ص568.

[2] علل الشرائع ج1 ص249، عنه البحار ج23 ص99، أمالي الطوسي ص654، عنه البحار ج5 ص315/ ج75 ص375 عن الكافي باختلاف باللفظ دون المعنى عن الامام العسكري(ع)، ميزان الحكمة ج3 ص2402، اخبار معرفة الرجال للطوسي ج2 ص845 عن العسكري (ع)، تفسير نور الثقلين ج1 ص590، ينابيع المودة ج1 ص41/ ج3 ص364.

[3] الكافي ج1 ص143، التوحيد للصدوق ص149، عنه البحار ج42 ص201/ ج4 ص5، نور البراهين ج1 ص379، تفسير نور الثقلين ج4 ص146، خاتمة المستدرك ج5 ص237

[4] التوحيد للصدوق ص27 ومثله عن النبي (ص) ص28، عنه البحار ج8 ص359/ ج90 ص197 عن النبي، نور البراهين ج1 ص80 عن النبي، فلاح السائل ص118، ميزان الحكمة ج1 ص757، نور الثقلين ج5 ص40، وسائل الشيعة ج11 ص203، معاني الأخبار ص375، صفات الشيعة ص5، مكارم الأخلاق عن النبي ص310، تفسير الميزان عن النبي (ص) ج5 ص122.

[5] The narration ends here in Wasa'il Al-Shia Book

[6] التوحيد للصدوق ص68، عنه البحار ج3 ص299، روضة الواعظين ص36، وسائل الشيعة ج18 ص560، مشكاة الانوار ص39، الفصول المهمة ج1 ص245، نور البراهين ج1 ص191، تفسير نور الثقلين ج3 ص87.

[7] الأمالي للصدوق ص372، التوحيد للصدوق ص29، عنه البحار ج3 ص1، نور البراهين ج1 ص82.

[8] توحيد الصدوق ص20، عنه البحار ج3 ص4، نور البراهين ج1 ص66، تفسير الصافي ج2 ص72ٍ