A'amal and prayers for the first eve of the month of Ramadan

Take an Ablution (Ghusl). It is advisable to take ghusl and wash one's head thirty times ,with a palmful of water each time.

Recite a 2 Rakat Salaat: In each Rakat recite Sura Fatiha & Sura 6 In-a'am Then invoke Allah swt to keep you safe from any illnesses in the year.

-Recite supplication of the last night of Shaban.

-Recite the supplications for sighting of the moon.

-Recite the following 5 Duas:- a-e
a. Allahumma Ya Man Yamliku اللّهُمّ يَا مَنْ يَمْلِكُ , b. Allahumma Rabba Shahr Ramazan اللّهُمّ رَبّ شَهْرِ رَمَضَان , c. Allahumma Inna Hadha Shahr اَللّهُمَّ إنَّ هِذا شَهْر , d. Allahumma Innahu Qad Dakhala اللّهُمّ إِنّهُ قَدْ دَخَلَ شَهْرُ , e. Alhamdulilahil Lazee Akramna الحَمْدُ لِلّهِ الّذِي أَكْرَمَنَا
-Recite Dua no 44 from Sahifa Sajjadiya to welcome month of Ramadhan.
-Recite Jawshan Kabeer. الجوشن الكبير
-Recite Dua Hajj. 

-It is highly advisable to recite the Holy Qur'an very frequently at the first hours of Ramadhan. It has been narrated that Imam Ja`far al-Sadiq (a.s) used to say this supplication before & after reciting Quran

After the Maghrib Prayer raise your hands and recite this supplication: ( reported in ‘al-Iqbal’ from Imam Muhammad Jawad al-Taqi (as).

اللّهُمّ يَا مَنْ يَمْلِكُ التّدْبِيرَ
O Allah: O He Who controls the management of all affairs;

وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ،
and He has power over all things.

يَا مَنْ يَعْلَمُ خَائِنَةَ الأَعْيُنِ
O He Who knows the stealth of looks

وَمَا تُخْفِي الصّدُورُ وَتُجِنّ الضّمِيرُ
and that which breasts conceal and that which selves hide;

وَهُوَ اللّطِيفُ الخَبِيرُ.
and He is the Knower of subtleties, the Aware.

اللّهُمّ اجْعَلْنَا مِمّنْ نَوَى فَعَمِلَ،
O Allah: (please do) include us with those who intend and carried out their intentions;

وَلا تَجْعَلْنَا مِمّنْ شَقِيَ فَكَسِلَ،
and do not include us with those who are unhappy due to their laziness

وَلا مِمّنْ هُوَ عَلَى غَيْرِ عَمَلٍ يَتّكِلُ.
or with those who depend upon unreal hopes.

اللّهُمّ صَحّحْ أَبْدَانَنَا مِنَ العِلَلِ،
O Allah: (please do) cure our bodies from ailments

وَأَعِنَّا عَلَى مَا افْتَرَضْتَ عَلَيْنَا مِنَ العَمَلِ،
and help us carry out the deeds that You have made incumbent upon us to do

حَتَّى يَنْقَضِيَ عَنَّا شَهْرُكَ هذَا وَقَدْ أَدّيْنَا مَفْرُوضَكَ فِيهِ عَلَيْنَا.
so that when this month, which is Your month, elapses, we shall have carried out all the duties that You have made obligatory upon us to do.

اللّهُمّ أَعِنَّا عَلَى صِيَامِهِ،
O Allah: (please do) help us observe fasting in this month;

وَوَفّقْنَا لِقِيَامِهِ،
and guide us to practice the acts of worship (perfectly);

وَنَشّطْنَا فِيهِ لِلصّلاةِ،
and grant us vigor to offer prayers;

وَلا تَحْجُبْنَا مِنَ القِرَاءَةِ،
and do not preclude us from reciting (the Holy Qur'an);

وَسَهّلْ لَنَا فِيهِ إيتَاءَ الزّكَاةِ.
and make easy for us to give alms.

اللّهُمّ لا تُسَلّطْ عَلَيْنَا وَصَباً وَلا تَعَباً
O Allah: (please) do not inflict us with fatigue, tiredness,

وَلا سَقَماً وَلا عَطَباً.
ailment, or injury.

اللّهُمّ ارْزُقْنَا الإفْطَارَ مِنْ رِزْقِكَ الحَلالِ.
O Allah: (please do) grant us the food with which we break our fasting from Your sustenance that is legally gotten.

اللّهُمّ سَهّلْ لَنَا فِيهِ مَا قَسَمْتَهُ مِنْ رِزْقِكَ،
O Allah: (please do) make easy for us the gaining of Your sustenance that You decide for us;

وَيَسّرْ مَا قَدّرْتَهُ مِنْ أَمْرِكَ،
and facilitate for us Your act that You decide for us;

وَاجْعَلْهُ حَلالاً طَيّباً نَقِيّاً مِنَ الآثَامِ،
and make it pure, empty of sins,

خَالِصاً مِنَ الآصَارِ وَالأَجْرَامِ.
and free from offenses and flaws.

اللّهُمّ لا تُطْعِمْنَا إلاَّ طَيّباً غَيْرَ خَبِيثٍ وَلا حَرَامٍ،
O Allah: (please) do not feed us except the good that is neither bad nor forbidden;

وَاجْعَلْ رِزْقَكَ لَنَا حَلالاً لا يَشُوبُهُ دَنَسٌ وَلا أَسْقَامٌ،
and (please do) make the sustenance that You decide for us be legal, carrying neither filth nor diseases.

يَا مَنْ عِلْمُهُ بِالسّرّ كَعِلْمِهِ بِالإعْلانِ،
O He Who knows the secret in the same was as He knows the public;

يَا مُتَفَضّلاً عَلَى عِبَادِهِ بِالإحْسَانِ،
O He Who confers upon His servants with benevolence;

يَا مَنْ هُوَ عَلَى كُلّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ،
O He Who has power over all things

وَبِكُلّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ خَبِيرٌ،
and has acquaintance with all things;

أَلْهِمْنَا ذِكْرَكَ،
(please do) bestow upon us with (ceaseless) reference to You;

وَجَنّبْنَا عُسْرَكَ،
and keep us away Your difficulty;

وَأَنِلْنَا يُسْرَكَ،
and make us obtain Your ease;

وَاهْدِنَا لِلرّشَادِ،
and guide us to the right path;

وَوَفّقْنَا لِلسّدَادِ،
and lead us to the righteousness;

وَاعْصِمْنَا مِنَ البَلايَا،
and protect us against misfortunes;

وَصُنَّا مِنَ الأَوْزَارِ وَالخَطَايَا،
and safeguard us against sins and faults.

يَا مَنْ لا يَغْفِرُ عَظِيمَ الذّنُوبِ غَيْرُهُ،
O He save Whom none forgives the grave sins

وَلا يَكْشِفُ السّوءَ إلاَّ هُوَ،
and He save Whom none can relieve from hardships;

يَا أَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ،
O the most Merciful of all those who show mercy

وَأَكْرَمَ الأَكْرَمِينَ،
and the most Generous of all those who show generosity;

صَلّ عَلَى مُحَمّدٍ وَأَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ الطّيّبِينَ،
(please do) send blessings upon Muhammad and his Household—the pure;

وَاجْعَلْ صِيَامَنَا مَقْبُولاً،
and decide our fasting as acceptable

وَبِالبِرّ وَالتّقْوَى مَوْصُولاً،
and as connected to piety and godliness.

وَكَذلِكَ فَاجْعَلْ سَعْيَنَا مَشْكُوراً،
And, similarly, (please do) decide our efforts as praiseworthy,

وَقِيَامَنَا مَبْرُوراً،
our acts of worship as admissible,

وَقُرْآنَنَا مَرْفُوعاً،
our reciting of the Qur'an as raised (to the heavens),

وَدُعَاءَنَا مَسْمُوعاً،
and our supplications as responded.

وَاهْدِنَا لِلْحُسْنَى،
And (please do) guide us to the most excellent way;

وَجَنّبْنَا العُسْرَى،
and save us from difficulties;

وَيَسّرْنَا لِلْيُسْرَى،
and facilitate for us the easy end;

وَأَعْلِ لَنَا الدّرَجَاتِ،
and elevate our ranks;

وَضَاعِفْ لَنَا الحَسَنَاتِ،
and double the rewards for our good deeds;

وَاقْبَلْ مِنَّا الصّوْمَ وَالصّلاةَ،
and accept our fasting and prayers;

وَاسْمَعْ مِنَّا الدّعَوَاتِ،
and react to our supplications;

وَاغْفِرْ لَنَا الخَطِيئَاتِ،
and forgive our sins;

وَتَجَاوَزْ عَنَّا السّيّئَاتِ،
And overlook our wrongdoings

وَاجْعَلْنَا مِنَ العَامِلِينَ الفَائِزِينَ،
and make us of the successful worshippers;

وَلا تَجْعَلْنَا مِنَ المَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلا الضَّالّينَ،
and do not include us with those who earn Your anger nor of those who go astray,

حَتَّى يَنْقَضِيَ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ عَنَّا
so that when the month of Ramadhan elapses,

وَقَدْ قَبِلْتَ فِيهِ صِيَامَنَا وَقِيَامَنَا،
You shall have accepted our fasting and acts of worship,

وَزَكّيْتَ فِيهِ أَعْمَالَنَا،
blessed our deeds,

وَغَفَرْتَ فِيهِ ذُنُوبَنَا،
forgiven our sins,

وَأَجْزَلْتَ فِيهِ مِنْ كُلّ خَيْرٍ نَصِيبَنَا،
and doubled our shares from all good things.

فَإنّكَ الإلهُ المُجِيبُ،
Verily, You are the God Who responds,

وَالرّبّ القَرِيبُ،
the Lord Who is Nigh,

وَأَنْتَ بِكُلّ شَيْءٍ مُحِيطٌ.
and You encompass all things.

b)Allahumma Rabba Shahr Ramadhan 

It is recommended to say the following supplication reported from Imam Ja`far al-Sadiq (a.s) as is mentioned in the book of ‘al-Iqbal’:

اللّهُمّ رَبّ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ،
O Allah, the Lord of the month of Ramadhan,

مُنَزّلَ القُرْآنِ،
the Revealer of the Qur'an

هذَا شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ
This is the month of Ramadhan

الّذِي أَنْزَلْتَ فِيهِ القُرْآنَ
in which You revealed the Qur'an

وَأَنْزَلْتَ فِيهِ آيَاتٍ بَيّنَاتٍ مِنَ الهُدَى وَالفُرْقَانِ.
And revealed therein chapters of true guidance and distinction (between the right and the wrong).

اللّهُمّ ارْزُقْنَا صِيَامَهُ،
O Allah: make us observe fast in its days

وَأَعِنَّا عَلَى قِيَامِهِ.
and remain awake in its nights to pray.

اللّهُمّ سَلّمْهُ لَنَا،
O Allah: let it be peaceful for us,

وَسَلّمْنَا فِيهِ،
keep us in sound condition for it,

وَتَسَلّمْهُ مِنَّا فِي يُسْرٍ مِنْكَ وَمُعَافَاةٍ،
let it take upon itself the supervision of our affairs to give us ease and well-being

وَاجْعَلْ فِيمَا تَقْضِي وَتُقَدّرُ
and while taking decisions,

مِنَ الأَمْرِ المَحْتُومِ
From among Your inevitable decisions

وَفِيمَا تَفْرُقُ مِنَ الأَمْرِ الحَكِيمِ
And from among that which You decide from the wise affairs,

فِي لَيْلَةِ القَدْرِ
At the Grand Night

مِنَ القَضَاءِ الّذِي لا يُرَدّ وَلا يُبَدّلُ
From the act that is neither rejected nor altered,

أَنْ تَكْتُبَنِي مِنْ حُجَّاجِ بَيْتِكَ الحَرَامِ،
write my name in the list of those pilgrims of Your Sacred House

المَبْرُورِ حَجّهُمُ،
whose pilgrimage receives Your approval,

المَشْكُورِ سَعْيُهُمُ،
whose efforts are appreciated,

المَغْفُورِ ذُنُوبُهُمُ،
whose sins are forgiven,

المُكَفّرِ عَنْهُمْ سَيّئَاتُهُمْ،
whose wrongdoings are overlooked,

وَاجْعَلْ فِيمَا تَقْضِي وَتُقَدّرُ
and while making decisions and rendering possible things and events

أَنْ تُطِيلَ لِي فِي عُمْرِي،
make possible for me long life,

وَتُوَسّعَ عَلَيّ مِنَ الرّزْقِ الحَلالِ.
and enough lawful means of livelihood.

c)Allahumma Inna Hadha Shahr

It is advisable to say the supplication mentioned by Sayyid Ibn Tawus in ‘Iqbal al-A`mal’:

اَللّهُمَّ إنَّ هِذا شَهْرُ رَمَضانَ
O Allah: This month of Ramadhan,

اَلَّذي أنْزَلْتَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنَ،
in which You revealed the Qur'an,

هُدىً لِلنّاسِ وَبَيِّناتٍ مِنَ الْهُدى وَالْفُرْقَانِ قَدْ حَضَرَ.
As guidance for people and clear proofs of true guidance and distinction (between the right and the wrong),
Has commenced.

يا رَبِّ أعوذُ بِكَ فيهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطانِ الرَّجيمِ،وَمِنْ مَكْرِهِ وَحِيَلِهِ،
O Allah: in this month, I seek Your protection against Satan, the accursed,And against his tricks and his ruses,

وَخِداعِهِ وَحَبائِلِهِ،وَجُنودِهِ وَخَيلِهِ،وَرِجْلِهِ وَوَساوِسِهِ،
وَمِنَ الضَّلالِ بَعْدَ الْهُدى،وَمِنَ الكُفْرِ بَعْدَ الإيمانِ،
And his deception and his trickeries,
And his parties and his riding forces,
And his on foot forces and his evil inspirations,
And against straying off after being guided,
And against atheism after belief,

وَمِنَ النِّفاقِ وَالرِّياءِ وَالجِناياتِ،
And against hypocrisy and showing off and felonies,

وَمِنْ شَرِّ الوِسْواسِ الخَنّاسِ،
And against the evil of the whisperings of the slinking Devil,

الَّذي يُوَسْوِسُ في صُدورِ النّاسِ،
Who whispers into the hearts of men;

مِنَ الجِنَّةِ وَالنّاسِ.
From among the jinn and the men.

اللّهُمَّ وَارْزُقْني صِيامَهُ وَقِيامَهُ،
O Allah: and confer upon me with the fasting and the doing of acts of worship during this month,

وَالعَمَلَ فيهِ بِطاعَتِكَ،
And with the doing of acts of obedience to You,

وَطاعَةِ رَسولِكَ وَأُولي الأمْرِ،عَلَيهِ وَعَلَيهِمُ السَّلامُ،
And to Your Messenger and the Men in Authority,

May peace be upon him and them,

وَما قَرَّبَ مِنْكَ،
And the doing of whatever act that takes me near You,

وَجَنِّبْني مَعاصِيكَ،
And (please) take me away from acts of disobedience to You.

وَارْزُقْني فيهِ التَّوْبَةَ وَالإنابَةَ وَالإجابَةَ.
And confer upon me in this month with repentance, turning to You, and responding to Your instructions.

وَأعِذْني فيهِ مِنَ الغيبَةِ وَالكَسَلِ وَالفَشَلِ،
And protect me in it against backbiting and lethargy and failure.

وَاسْتَجِبْ لي فيهِ الدُّعاءَ،
And respond my prayers in it.

وَأصِحَّ لي فيهِ جِسمي وَعَقْلي
And grant me well-being for my body and my intellect.

وَفَرِّغْني فيهِ لِطاعَتِكَ وَما قَرَّبَ مِنكَ،
And grant me time to do acts of obedience to You as well as acts that take me near You.

يا كَريمُ يا جَوادُ.
O the All-generous; O the All-magnanimous.

يا كَريمُ،
O the All-generous:

صَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلى أهْلِ بَيْتِ مُحَمَّدٍ
(please) send blessings upon Muhammad and the Household of Muhammad,

عَلَيهِ وَعَلَيهِمُ السَّلامُ،
Peace be upon him and them,

وَكَذالِكَ فَافْعَلْ بِنا
And do all that to us,

يا أرْحَمَ الرّاحِمينَ.
O the most Merciful of all those who show mercy.

d) Allahumma Innahu Qad Dakhala 

اللّهُمّ إِنّهُ قَدْ دَخَلَ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ.
O Allah: Surely, the month of Ramadhan has begun.

اللّهُمّ رَبّ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ
O Allah; O the Lord of the month of Ramadhan

الّذِي أَنْزَلْتَ فِيهِ القُرْآنَ
in which You have revealed the Qur'an

وَجَعَلْتَهُ بَيّنَاتٍ مِنَ الهُدَى وَالفُرْقَانِ.
making it a guidance to people and clear proofs of the guidance and the distinction.

اللّهُمّ فَبَارِكْ لَنَا فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ،
So, O Allah, please bless us in the month of Ramadhan,

وَأَعِنَّا عَلَى صِيَامِهِ وَصَلَوَاتِهِ،
help us observe fasting and offer prayers in it,

وَتَقَبّلْهُ مِنَّا.
and accept from us.

e)Alhamdulilahil Lazee Akramna 

According to a Hadith, the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s) used to say this supplication at the beginning of Ramadhan month:

الحَمْدُ لِلّهِ الّذِي أَكْرَمَنَا بِكَ
All praise be to Allah Who has honored us with you—

أَيّهَا الشّهْرُ المُبَارَكُ.
the blessed month.

اللّهُمّ فَقَوّنَا عَلَى صِيَامِنَا وَقِيَامِنَا،
O Allah: (please do) grant us strength to observe fasting and practice acts of worship in this month;

وَثَبّتْ أَقْدَامَنَا،
and make our steps firm

وَانْصُرْنَا عَلَى القَوْمِ الكَافِرِينَ.
and assist us against the unbelieving people.

اللّهُمّ أَنْتَ الوَاحِدُ فَلا وَلَدَ لَكَ،
O Allah: You are surely the One; therefore, You have not son.

وَأَنْتَ الصّمَدُ فَلا شِبْهَ لَكَ،
And You are the eternally Besought of all; therefore, nothing is like You.

وَأَنْتَ العَزِيزُ فَلا يُعِزّكَ شَيْءٌ،
And You are the Almighty; therefore; nothing can overcome You.

وَأَنْتَ الغَنِيّ وَأَنَا الفَقِيرُ،
And You are the Self-sufficient while I am poor.

وَأَنْتَ المَوْلَى وَأَنَا العَبْدُ،
And You are the Master while I am (Your) slave.

وَأَنْتَ الغَفُورُ وَأَنَا المُذْنِبُ،
And You are the All-forgiving while I am guilty.

وَأَنْتَ الرّحِيمُ وَأَنَا المُخْطِئُ،
And You are the All-merciful while I am mistaken.

وَأَنْتَ الخَالِقُ وَأَنَا المَخْلُوقُ،
And You are the Creator while I am (Your) creature.

وَأَنْتَ الحَيّ وَأَنَا المَيّتُ،
And You are the Ever-living while I am mortal.

أَسْأَلُكَ بِرَحْمَتِكَ
I thus beseech You in the name of Your mercy

أَنْ تَغْفِرَ لِي وَتَرْحَمَنِي وَتَتَجَاوَزَ عَنّي
that You may forgive me, have mercy upon me, and excuse my offenses,

إِنّكَ عَلَى كُلّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ.
for You have power over all things